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Neem the wonder herb

Neem (Azadirachta indica) is a member of the Meliaceae family and its role as health-promoting effect is attributed because it is rich source of antioxidant. Neem tree, having a wide range of medicinal properties, has attracted worldwide prominence in recent years. Medicinal properties of neem have been known to Indians since time immemorial. The earliest Sanskrit medical writings refer to the benefits of neem’s fruits, seeds, oil, leaves, roots and bark.  It has been widely used in Chinese, Ayurvedic, and Unani medicines worldwide especially in Indian Subcontinent in the treatment and prevention of various diseases.

The neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss.) is a tropical evergreen tree (deciduous in drier areas) native to Indian sub-continent. The word ‘neem’ is derived from the Sanskrit word ‘nimba’ which means to bestow health. This signifies the great therapeutic value of this magnificent tree. Neem is popularly called by various names such as ‘nature’s gift to human kind’, ‘nature’s bitter boon’, ‘the tree of the backyard’, ‘the wonder tree’, ‘air purifier’, ‘a tree for solving global problems’ and the ‘kalpavriksha’ which depict the versatility o……………..

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Vitamin and Mineral content

The most important active constituent is azadirachtin and the others are nimbolinin, nimbin, nimbidin, nimbidol, sodium nimbinate, gedunin, salannin, and quercetin. 

Leaves contain ingredients such as nimbin, nimbanene, 6-desacetylnimbinene, nimbandiol, nimbolide, ascorbic acid, n-hexacosanol and amino acid, 7-desacetyl-7-benzoylazadiradione, 7-desacetyl-7-benzoylgedunin, 17-hydroxyazadiradione, and nimbiol. 

The trunk bark contains nimbn (0.04%), nimbinin (0.001%), nimbidin (0.4%), nimbosterol (0.03%), essential oil (0.02%), tannins (6.0%), a bitter principle margosine and 6-desacetyl nimbinene. The stem bark contains tannins (12-16%) and non-tannin (8-11%).

flowers contain nimbosterol and flavonoids like kaempferol, melicitrin etc. Flowers also yield a waxy material consisting of several fatty acids, viz., behenic (0.7%), arachidic (0.7%), stearic (8.2%), palmitic (13.6%), oleic (6.5%) and linoleic (8.0%). The pollen of neem contains several amino acids like glumatic acid, tyrosine, arginine, methionion, phenylalanine, histidine, arminocaprylic acid and isoleucine.

The tree exudes a gum, which on hydrolysis yields, L-arabinose, L-fucose, D-galactose and D-glucoronic acid. The older tree exudes a sap containing free sugars (glucose, fructose, mannose and xylose), amino acids (alanine, aminobutyric acid, arginine, asparagines, aspartic acid, glycine, norvaline, praline, etc) and organic acids (citric, malonic, succinic and fumaric).

Quercetin and ß-sitosterol, polyphenolic flavonoids, were purified from neem fresh leaves and were known to have antibacterial and antifungal properties and seeds hold valuable constituents including gedunin and azadirachtin.

Neem oil contain Oleic acid (Omega-9 fatty acid) = 25 to 54%, Hexadecanoic acid (Palmitic aci…………….

Properties and Benefits

Rasa (Taste) – Bitter (tikta) and astringent (kashaya)

Guna (Qualities) – Light to digest (Laghu), Dry (rooksha)

Taste conversation after digestion – Katu 

Veerya(Potency) – Sheetala (Cold) 

Ahrudya – not so good for heart.

Shramahara – relieves tiredness

Truthara – relieves excessive thirst. Since it decreases Pitta, it is useful in fever and associated thirst.

Kasahara – Helps to relieve cough. It is very useful in infective respiratory problems. It has anti-microbial properties.

Sheeta – Nimba imparts cooling qualities to the body.

Laghu – undergoes digestion and absorption pretty easily and quickly.

Grahi – helps in absorbing moisture from the intestine. Dries up and cleans up the moisture in wounds and ulcers.

Katu – has pungent taste. It also undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion.

Tikta – has bitter taste

Agnikrut – improves digestion process

Vatakrut – increases Vata

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Jwarahara – Useful in fever, due to its potent anti microbial phyto-chemicals.

Aruchihara – Helps to relieve anorexia. Bitter tasting herbs, though very difficult to consume, have this unique property of relieving anorexia.

Krumihara – Actual translation is – relieves worms. Nimba is useful in intestinal worms, infested wounds, and as an anti -microbial agent.

Vranahara – Helps to cleanse and heal wounds quickly.

Pitta – Kaphahara – Balances Pitta and Kapha. Note that, though neem has cold quality, it helps to balance Kapha (which also has cold quality). This is due to its other properties such as Katu vipaka (pungent taste conversion after digestion).


Uses, Benefits and Application

  1. The leaves, applied in the form of poultices or decoctions, are also recommended for boils, ulcers, and eczema. The oil is used for skin diseases such as scrofula, indolent ulcers, and ringworm.

  2. Plants fruits, seeds, oil, leaves, bark, and roots show an important role in diseases prevention due to the rich source of antioxidant.

  3. Neem oil can be blended with coconut oil and apply it over your body too.

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4) Intestinal wounds – 20ml of Decoction made from handful of leaves should be given empty stomach for 3 days. 

5) Loss of appetite – 20ml Decoction made from handful of leaves should be given empty stomach for 3 days. 

6) Skin Disease – 10ml of juice of leaves with honey twice a day . It is advisable to take bath with water of boiled Neem leaves.

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              – Neem water decoction can be used to wash, during infection. 

Neem is useful to improve glow, reduce acne and reduce oiliness of skin.

            – A few drops of neem oil is taken onto the finger tips and gently rubbed over the face. Leave it on for 10 minutes then wash off with gram flour along with soapnut/Reetha powder. It is best to use neem oil along with carrier oil such as coconut, sesame, oilve, etc.

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7) Neem oil can be used on hair to relieve dandruff and to kill head lice.

           – Teaspoon of neem oil is taken on hand and applied over the scalp with gentle massage. It can be washed off after 30 – 60 minutes. Wash the hair with the help of shampoo or herbal hair wash powder.

8) Neem is now used in cosmetics, hygiene, fa………….

Association Neem with Hindu festivals in India 

Neem leaf or bark is viewed as a compelling pitta pacifier as a result of its unpleasant taste. Consequently, it is customarily suggested amid late-spring in Ayurveda (that is, the month of Chaitra according to the Hindu Calendar which for the most part falls in the period of March – April).

In the Indian conditions of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Telangana,  Neem  blossoms  are  prominent  for  their utilization in ‘Ugadi Pachhadi’ (soup-like pickle), which is made  on  Ugadi  day.  In  Andhra  Pradesh,  Karnataka,  and Telangana, a little measure of Neem and Jaggery (Bevu-Bella) is expended on Ugadi day, the Telugu and Kannada new year, demonstrating that one should take both harsh and sweet things throughout everyday life, joy and sorrow. 

Amid Gudi Padva, which is the New Year in the province of Maharashtra, the old routine with regards to drinking a little amount of neem juice or paste on that, prior day beginning celebrations, is found. As in numerous Hindu celebrations and their relationship with some sustenance to maintain a strategic distance from adverse reactions of the period or change of seasons, neem juice is related with Gudi Padva to remind individuals to utilize it amid that specific month or season to appease summer pitta. 

In Tamil Nadu amid the late spring a very long time of April to June, the Mariamman temple celebration is a thousand-year-old convention. The Neem leaves and blossoms are the mo……………

Neem in Agriculture

Neem leaves are utilized in certain pieces of Indian as manure in rice fields, particularly in the south Indian states. In certain nations, Neem leaves are utilized as mulch in tobacco and tomato fields. They can be all around viably used to execute weeds by spreading them over plant roots to hold dampness. Neem leaves can likewise  be  utilized  to  protect  stored  woolen  and  silk garments from creepy crawlies.

Neem cake is versatile and has numerous usage. It very well may be utilized as animals feed, compost and regular pesticide. It gives natural nitrogen.  Neem cake is generally utilized in India as compost for sugarcane, vegetable and other money crops.

Neem oil is a very good pesticide and insecticide. I…………….

Side effects :

  1. The leaves or leaf extracts also should not be consumed by people or fed to animals over a long period. For long term usa………….

Further read on following link


Reference :

  1. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med.  Published online 2016 Mar 1.   PMCID: PMC4791507

  2. National Research Council (US) Panel on Neem. Neem: A Tree For Solving Global Problems. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 1992. 7, Medicinals.

  3. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed. 2013 Jul; 3(7): 505–514.  PMCID: PMC3695574

  4. Pharmacogn Rev. 2015 Jan-Jun; 9(17): 41–44.  PMCID: PMC4441161

  5. Neem Tree – The Ayurvedic Pharmacy.  Dr. Syeda Kousar Fathima and Dr. Girish, K

  6. International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) | Unique Paper ID – IJTSRD23038   | Volume – 3 | Issue – 3 | Mar-Apr 2019


  8. Journal of Functional Foods.  Volume 74, November 2020, 104171

  9. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research ; 2010, 2(1): 62-72

  10. ICAR

  11. Tomar Lokeshwar et al. IRJP 2011, 2 (12), 97-102  INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH JOURNAL OF PHARMACY, 2(12), 201


  13. Local tradition and knowledge

  14. Review on A. Indica.   RGUHS J Pharm Sci | Vol 4 | Issue 2 | Apr–June, 2014

  15. asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2013; 3(7): 505-514

  16. International Research Journal of Biological Sciences.  ISSN 2278-3202 Vol. 1(6), 76-79, October (2012)

  17. NCBI

  18. PUBMED

  19. Bhavaprakasha Nighantu

  20. Charaka Samhita

  21. Sushruta Samhita

  22. Sharangdhar Samhita

  23. Dravya Gunna Vigyan

  24. Journal of Drug Delivery & Therapeutics. 2018; 8(6-s):394-399 ISSN: 2250-1177                  

  25. Front Plant Sci. 2016; 7: 1494. Published online 2016 Oct 13. PMCID: PMC5061770                                                     

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