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By Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) & Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S

That swelling which grows more and more, again and again is called as Apachi. Master Sushruta defines Apachi as – ‘That which gets aggregated in different forms in a unique way and also undergoes increase intensively is called as Apachi’.

Master Charaka has mentioned only Gandamala but not Apachi. On the contrary Sushruta has explained only Apachi and not Gandamala.
Read – Granthi: Cystic Swelling, Types, Features, Ayurvedic Treatment

Pathogenesis, Prognosis

Some of these cysts / glandular swellings get suppurated and break open. They also exhibit discharges. Some of them spontaneously get destroyed, some surface yet again and some get newly manifest. This disease keeps coming and going and stays for longer duration. These swellings are curable. But the Apachi associated with rhinitis, pain in flanks, cough, fever and vomiting is said to be incurable.

Master Bhoja explains Apachi as –

‘Aggravated vata, pitta and kapha along with abnormally increased fat tissue reach the tendons of calf muscles and get lodged therein. They then produce many cystic swellings of fish eggs shape in that region. The vata then takes the other doshas and moves in upward direction and get lodged in chest, axilla, nape of the neck and neck and produce many types of cystic swellings. These swellings are called as Apachi. The same Apachi when forms in the region of neck, heart and joints of the jaw in the form of garland of cystic swellings it will be called as Gandamala’. This explanation shows that Gandamala is a form of Apachi.
Read – Medo Dhatu: Fat Tissue, As Explained In Ayurveda

Symptoms

Glandular swelling in –

  • Legs / calves
  • Chest
  • Axilla
  • Nape of the neck
  • Neck
  • Region of heart
  • Joints of the jaw

Types

Master Sushruta has explained two stages of this disease –

Stage 1 – Here, the glandular swellings are manifested which do not undergo suppuration. There is presence of itching and mild pain. According to Master Charaka, this stage is nothing but Gandamala. Charaka has mentioned that Gandamala does occur only in the neck. Master Bhoja too has mentioned that Gandamala is a type of Apachi but according to his explanation this condition occurs at multiple places in the body and is not limited to the neck.

Stage 2 – In this stage the swellings get suppurated, break open and discharges occur.
Read – Types Of Swelling – Ayurveda Diagnosis Charak Samhita Sutrasthan-18

Sanskrit Verses

Modern correlation

Apachi has been compared to a condition called as Lymphadenitis. Since Ayurveda also has explained about its longer course and disease pertaining for longer duration, it can be compared to chronic lymphadenitis. This occurs due to inflammation of the lymph glands in different parts of the body.

Treatment

Internal Medication

Chandanadi Taila

Oil prepared with below ingredients is consumed –

Gutika

Kanchanara Guggulu is highly effective in curing Apachi.

Alambusha Prayoga

Juice of tender leaves of Alambusha – Sphaeranthus indicus is consumed.

Pupalika Prayoga

Pupalika i.e. a kind of sweetened cake is prepared with roots of Vana Karpasika – wild cotton and rice ground together. This is consumed for the cure of apachi.

External medication

Shobhanjanadi Lepa

Warm application of paste made by grinding the bark of Shobhanjana – Moringa oliefera and Devadaru – Cedrus deodara in Kanji – sour gruel.

Sarshapadi Lepa

Mustard, neem leaves and Bhallataka – Semecarpus anacardium are burnt in concealed heating method, ground with goats urine and applied on Apachi.

Ashvattadi Bhasma Lepa

Wood of Ashvattha – Ficus religiosa, Nichula – Barringtonia acutangula and tooth of cow are all burnt together in a concealed heating method. The resultant ash is mixed with bone marrow of boar and applied on Apachi. This destroys ulcers and pus in apachi.
Read – Lepa Kalpana: Ayurvedic Dosage Forms For External Application

Gunjadi Taila Abhyanga

Medicated oil prepared with cows urine and the paste of the below mentioned ingredients –

  • Gunja – Abrus precatorius
  • Karavira – Nerium indicum
  • Shyama – Argyreia nervosa
  • Arka – Calotropis gigantea
  • Mustard – Brassica nigra

The oil should be processed with these ingredients for 10 times.

After this, smooth powder of below mentioned are added to the oil –
Pippali – Piper longum
Maricha – Piper nigrum
Five type of salts i.e.

  • Rock salt
  • Black salt
  • Vid salt
  • Sea salt
  • Fossil salt

The ingredients are thoroughly mixed and oil is used for massaging.

Benefits – Used in treating Apachi, sinus ulcers, piles, tumors and ulcers.

Nasal Instillation

Vyoshadi Taila

Nasal drops instilled with oil prepared from decoction of –

Cauterization

The physician should make an incision of the shape of the egg of fish 12 angula (finger breadth) above in line with the heel, over the calf muscle, avoiding the Indrabasti Marma – a vital spot in the leg. He should remove carefully the networks from that region and burn it with fire.
Read – Kshara Agnikarma Vidhi – Cauterization- Astanga Hridaya Sutrasthana 30

Rekha Traya Vidhana

Above the wrist joint, with a gap of 1 angula each, physician should make three lines by burning those areas. This is said to cure Apachi.

Aushadha Dharana – Tying medicament on arm

Root of Sahadevi – Vernonia cinerea plucked on Pushya Nakshatra star constellation should be tied on the arm of the patient suffering from Apachi.

Alternatively root of Apamarga – Achyranthes aspera should be tied.

Siravedha – Vein puncture

Two veins located on the under surface of tongue is cut and bloodletting done.

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